Pasture Use, as reported by the Agricultural Census

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Year For mowing/for hay For grazing/not for hay
1871 334,536 Show data context 1,159,929 Show data context
1877 399,194 Show data context 1,333,089 Show data context
1891 483,477 Show data context 1,528,955 Show data context
1900 464,870 Show data context 1,464,175 Show data context
1901 463,704 Show data context 1,477,661 Show data context
1921 483,472 Show data context 1,344,142 Show data context
1930 636,802 Show data context 1,436,898 Show data context
1931 618,771 Show data context 1,507,840 Show data context
1940 563,401 Show data context 1,326,609 Show data context
1941 499,905 Show data context 1,169,197 Show data context
1950 423,609 Show data context 1,058,890 Show data context
1960 479,415 Show data context 1,262,405 Show data context
1961 461,370 Show data context 1,284,741 Show data context
1970 452,690 Show data context 1,373,691 Show data context
Date: Source:
1871 - 1970 Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics (HM Stationery Office) ,


We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

Date: Acknowledgments:
1871 - 1901 David Allan Gatley (School of Social Sciences, University of Staffordshire). Role: transcriber. Restrictions on use: the contributor must be acknowledged but the data may be freely used for non-commercial purposes.
1960 - 1970 Department of the Environment, Farming and Rural Affairs (Farming Statistics Team). Role: creator. Restrictions on use: the material may be re-used free of charge in any format or medium. You must re-use it accurately and not in a misleading context. You must acknowledge the material as Crown copyright and give the title of the document/publication.


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nCube definition

In certain years, the Agricultural Census divided the acreage of Permanent Pasture by usage. In 1871, 1891-1901 and 1921-31 it was divided into 'for hay' and 'not for hay'. In 1940-41 it was divided into 'for hay' and 'for grazing'. In 1950-70 it was divided into 'for mowing' and 'for grazing'. 'For hay' is included here with 'for mowing', and 'not for hay' with 'for grazing'. The Scottish Farm Census used some more complex classifications of permanent grass, and in 1961 did not identify 'rotation grasses' but ...

sub-divided grassland into over and under seven years old; these classifications have been mapped to this simpler form.

How to reference this page:

GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Wales Dep through time | Agriculture and Land Use Statistics | Pasture Use, as reported by the Agricultural Census, A Vision of Britain through Time.


Date accessed: 16th June 2019