1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Wakefield PLU/RegD Wakefield AP/CP
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 210 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 1 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 39 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 13 Show data context -
  Prison Service, &c. 57 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Police 66 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 21 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 13 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 16 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 4 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 2 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 6 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 2 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 262 Show data context 143 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 10 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 4 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 10 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context -
  Theological Student 4 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 27 Show data context -
  Law Student 4 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 46 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 17 Show data context -
  Dentist 4 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 7 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 29 Show data context 76 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 2 Show data context 19 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 4 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 2 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 3 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 10 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 7 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Architect 11 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 25 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Art Student - 1 Show data context
  Photographer 9 Show data context -
  Actor 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 5 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 108 Show data context 1,258 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 24 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 8 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 17 Show data context 1,066 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 37 Show data context 28 Show data context
  College, Club Service 4 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) - 9 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Charwoman - 107 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 16 Show data context 13 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 256 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 27 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 14 Show data context -
  Accountant 10 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 43 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 130 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 3 Show data context -
  Bank Service 9 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 657 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 109 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 44 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 12 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 201 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 21 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 139 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 5 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 24 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 34 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 14 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 8 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 179 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 16 Show data context -
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 1 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 113 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 1 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 46 Show data context 2 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 71 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 40 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 2 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 17 Show data context -
  Drover 6 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fisherman 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 122 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 3 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 15 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Printer 69 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 5 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 265 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 58 Show data context -
  Millwright 8 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 100 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 16 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 7 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  File Maker 3 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Implement Maker - 1 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 22 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 810 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Builder 22 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 159 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 232 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 98 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 12 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 50 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 9 Show data context -
  Plumber 64 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 88 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 41 Show data context 11 Show data context
  French Polisher 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 4 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 13 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 93 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 46 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 8 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 15 Show data context -
  Others 5 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 19 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 9 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 4 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 3 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 2 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 57 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 34 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Alkali Manufacture 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 2 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 756 Show data context 103 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 77 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 5 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Maltster 107 Show data context -
  Brewer 66 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cellarman 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 14 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 14 Show data context -
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 2 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 122 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 20 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 21 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 32 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 35 Show data context -
  Baker 31 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 24 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 28 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner - 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 129 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 7 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 515 Show data context 635 Show data context
  Woolstapler 8 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 115 Show data context 153 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 11 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 97 Show data context 291 Show data context
  Blanket Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Fuller 6 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 8 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 4 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 17 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 31 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Mat Maker, Seller 26 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Canvas, Sailcloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 7 Show data context 83 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 72 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 28 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 61 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 339 Show data context 458 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Tailor 148 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 374 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 36 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 5 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 9 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 133 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 10 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 30 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 67 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 9 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner - 4 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 2 Show data context -
  Currier 11 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 8 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 105 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Japanner 2 Show data context -
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 13 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Sawyer 16 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 8 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 23 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 3 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context -
  Others 9 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 909 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Coal Miner 231 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lead Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 4 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 2 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 27 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 10 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Paviour 5 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 7 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 14 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 28 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 78 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Salt Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Others - 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 239 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 3 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 66 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 33 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 25 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 42 Show data context -
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 7 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 2 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 623 Show data context 89 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 22 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 50 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 5 Show data context -
  General Labourer 422 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 63 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 26 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 19 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 26 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 14 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 2 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 72 Show data context 415 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 72 Show data context 415 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 41 Show data context 3,403 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 37 Show data context 3,401 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)