1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Sheffield PLU/RegD Brightside Bierlow Tn/CP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 188 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 19 Show data context -
  Police 116 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 10 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 19 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 6 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 9 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 2 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 250 Show data context 219 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 7 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 10 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 5 Show data context -
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 7 Show data context -
  Law Student 2 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 24 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 10 Show data context -
  Dentist 2 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 6 Show data context -
  Midwife - 6 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 4 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 72 Show data context 134 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 13 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 4 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 7 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 10 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 4 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) - 2 Show data context
  Architect 6 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 21 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Actor 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 2 Show data context -
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 6 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 126 Show data context 1,656 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 32 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 23 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 16 Show data context 1,385 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 49 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Charwoman - 170 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 2 Show data context 57 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 574 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Merchant 7 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 29 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 14 Show data context -
  Accountant 11 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 2 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 63 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 413 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Bank Service 13 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 21 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 1,712 Show data context 84 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 214 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 95 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 51 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 478 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 6 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 38 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 633 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tramway Companies' Service 5 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 5 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 4 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 27 Show data context 75 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 13 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 136 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 5 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 98 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 49 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 2 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 31 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 52 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 45 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 3 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 75 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Printer 46 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 11 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 8 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 2,772 Show data context 250 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 225 Show data context -
  Millwright 32 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 467 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 124 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 207 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 874 Show data context 93 Show data context
  File Maker 504 Show data context 108 Show data context
  Saw Maker 195 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Needle Maker - 6 Show data context
  Domestic Implement Maker 22 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 18 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 14 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 6 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Surgical Instrument Maker 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Type Cutter, Founder 3 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 18 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,142 Show data context 56 Show data context
  Builder 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 305 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 277 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 156 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 40 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 22 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Plumber 67 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 113 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 56 Show data context 28 Show data context
  French Polisher 3 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 3 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 37 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 7 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 3 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 3 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 237 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coachmaker 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 137 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 49 Show data context -
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Others 4 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 25 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 4 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 1 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 2 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 36 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 6 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Drysalter 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 13 Show data context 52 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 13 Show data context 52 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 724 Show data context 172 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 104 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Maltster 2 Show data context -
  Brewer 42 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 26 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cellarman 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 4 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 41 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 141 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 32 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 21 Show data context -
  Baker 29 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 21 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 44 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner - 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 165 Show data context 45 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 9 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 60 Show data context 50 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 7 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 39 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Others 2 Show data context -
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 316 Show data context 785 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 4 Show data context
  Tailor 110 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 3 Show data context 632 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 5 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 131 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 22 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 28 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 59 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 17 Show data context -
  Comb Maker 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 3 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 12 Show data context -
  Currier 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 156 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Japanner - 3 Show data context
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others - 2 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 5 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sawyer 35 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 39 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 9 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 1 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 5,395 Show data context 250 Show data context
  Coal Miner 168 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 3 Show data context -
  Lead Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 7 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 51 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 6 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 17 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 142 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Limeburner 3 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 69 Show data context -
  Paviour 26 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 3 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 30 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 3 Show data context -
  Platelayer 26 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 66 Show data context -
  Others 5 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 36 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 3 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 133 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Others 31 Show data context 116 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 2,071 Show data context 8 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 1,174 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Blacksmith 612 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Nail Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 184 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 11 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 36 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 60 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 64 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer 2 Show data context 7 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 78 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 135 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 34 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 5 Show data context -
  Clasp, Buckle, Hinge Maker 2 Show data context -
  Others 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 2,361 Show data context 140 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 24 Show data context 52 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 49 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 37 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 38 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 5 Show data context -
  General Labourer 1,243 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 458 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 167 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 318 Show data context 43 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 19 Show data context 12 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 20 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 2 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 7 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 11 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 115 Show data context 645 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 115 Show data context 645 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 253 Show data context 10,608 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 15 Show data context 10 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 238 Show data context 10,598 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)