1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Bristol Inc/RegD Bristol St Augustine CP/AP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 63 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 13 Show data context -
  Prison Service, &c. - 3 Show data context
  Police 41 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 1 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 16 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 3 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 5 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 2 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 5 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 120 Show data context 74 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 9 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 1 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context -
  Theological Student 18 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 6 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 10 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 7 Show data context -
  Dentist 6 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 2 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 13 Show data context 43 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 2 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist - 1 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 5 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 2 Show data context -
  Sculptor 2 Show data context -
  Architect 2 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 10 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Photographer 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Actor - 1 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 75 Show data context 778 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 7 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 4 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 20 Show data context 543 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 32 Show data context 29 Show data context
  College, Club Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 60 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 6 Show data context 138 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 4 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 114 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Merchant 2 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 9 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 1 Show data context -
  Accountant 6 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 22 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 65 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bank Service 6 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 2 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 311 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 4 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 18 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 12 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 3 Show data context -
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 11 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 51 Show data context -
  Pilot 3 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 6 Show data context -
  Boatman on Seas 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 58 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 14 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 121 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 8 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant - 1 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 3 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 31 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 16 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 13 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 49 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Printer 26 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 4 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 38 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 3 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 9 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 2 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 4 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 294 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Builder 15 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 47 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 1 Show data context -
  Mason 61 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 8 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 2 Show data context -
  Plumber 10 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 61 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 33 Show data context 13 Show data context
  French Polisher 14 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 16 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 13 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artificial Flower Maker - 1 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 73 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coachmaker 42 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 9 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 50 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 7 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 36 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 2 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 5 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 15 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 13 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 2 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 6 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 6 Show data context 5 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 192 Show data context 62 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 29 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 2 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Maltster 2 Show data context -
  Brewer 10 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 12 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 28 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Baker 24 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 13 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 10 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 2 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 23 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others Dealing in Food - 2 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 27 Show data context 127 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 7 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Manchester Warehouseman 2 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 10 Show data context 109 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 5 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 198 Show data context 553 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tailor 90 Show data context 187 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 257 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 77 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 89 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 19 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Comb Maker 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Currier 3 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 58 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman 2 Show data context -
  Japanner - 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 2 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 13 Show data context -
  Sawyer 9 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 9 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 1 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 7 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Envelope Maker - 1 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 10 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker - 4 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 153 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 20 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 3 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 1 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 39 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Quarrier 3 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 3 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 27 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Copper, Copper Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 4 Show data context -
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 2 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 1 Show data context -
  Fancy Chain, Gilt Toy Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 312 Show data context 41 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 16 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 4 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 4 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 244 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 15 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 14 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 6 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 45 Show data context 272 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 45 Show data context 272 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 31 Show data context 1,102 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 1 Show data context -
  [Blank field, or illegible] 30 Show data context 1,102 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)