1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Newcastle upon Tyne PLPar/PLU/RegD Westgate Tn/CP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 109 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 35 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 35 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 14 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 2 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 25 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 11 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 4 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 9 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 235 Show data context 178 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 6 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 2 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 9 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 21 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 5 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 44 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 8 Show data context -
  Dentist 2 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 10 Show data context -
  Midwife - 5 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 40 Show data context 95 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 5 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 2 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 14 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 4 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 3 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 2 Show data context -
  Sculptor 2 Show data context -
  Architect 11 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 12 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Art Student 2 Show data context -
  Photographer 9 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Actor 13 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 3 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 151 Show data context 1,099 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 30 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 21 Show data context 858 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 80 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 3 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Charwoman - 95 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 93 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 605 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Merchant 6 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 49 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 8 Show data context -
  Accountant 15 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 129 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 344 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 3 Show data context -
  Bank Service 14 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 34 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 670 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 4 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 27 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 4 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 144 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 5 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 30 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 254 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tramway Companies' Service 8 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 5 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 5 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 42 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 2 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 2 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 28 Show data context -
  Meter, Weigher 3 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 90 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 54 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 2 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 28 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Shepherd 3 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 3 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 2 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 8 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 76 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 33 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 6 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Drover 15 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 260 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 22 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 31 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Printer 180 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 12 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 14 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 630 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 108 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Millwright 20 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 334 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 101 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  File Maker 1 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 26 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 3 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 9 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ordnance Manufacturer 3 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,216 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Builder 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 314 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 86 Show data context -
  Mason 157 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 45 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 60 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 5 Show data context -
  Plumber 106 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 212 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 140 Show data context 18 Show data context
  French Polisher 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 3 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wood Carver 13 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dealer in Works of Art 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 92 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 51 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 3 Show data context -
  Others 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 26 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 50 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 38 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 7 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 1 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 4 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 47 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 33 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 7 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Drysalter 3 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 27 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 27 Show data context 12 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 638 Show data context 168 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 54 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 41 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper - 2 Show data context
  Maltster 2 Show data context -
  Brewer 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 15 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 5 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 21 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 4 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 135 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 46 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 10 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Fishmonger 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 14 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 9 Show data context -
  Baker 35 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 37 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 33 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 166 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 13 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 185 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer - 5 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 161 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 526 Show data context 606 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tailor 276 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 471 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 73 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 201 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 30 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 117 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 21 Show data context -
  Currier 54 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 25 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 2 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 138 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Japanner 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 2 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sawyer 22 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 7 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 26 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Paper Stainer 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker - 6 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 4 Show data context -
  Others 5 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 815 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Coal Miner 33 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 2 Show data context -
  Mine Service 3 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 14 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 3 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 12 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 6 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Paviour 21 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 9 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 3 Show data context -
  Platelayer 9 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 18 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 27 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 4 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 13 Show data context -
  Gold, Silver, Beater 3 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 205 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Blacksmith 160 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Whitesmith 33 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 34 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 11 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 34 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 15 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 72 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 5 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 6 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 3 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 682 Show data context 108 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 21 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 22 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 27 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 5 Show data context -
  General Labourer 398 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 48 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 93 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 31 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 28 Show data context 7 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 4 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 8 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer - 2 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 69 Show data context 511 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 69 Show data context 511 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 151 Show data context 4,783 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 143 Show data context 4,782 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)