1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Newcastle under Lyme PLU/RegD Newcastle under Lyme CP/Ch  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 38 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 8 Show data context -
  Police 17 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 5 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 14 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 4 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 4 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 3 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 173 Show data context 91 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 5 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 7 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 5 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 11 Show data context -
  Law Student 2 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 35 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Midwife - 4 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service - 8 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 41 Show data context 61 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context 11 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 1 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 2 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 8 Show data context -
  Architect 6 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 20 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Art Student 3 Show data context -
  Photographer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 83 Show data context 682 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 35 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 28 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 10 Show data context 558 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 9 Show data context 11 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 53 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 56 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 2 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 128 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 7 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 7 Show data context -
  Accountant 6 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) - 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 17 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 66 Show data context -
  Bank Service 12 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 12 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 166 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 3 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 5 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 3 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 49 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 6 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 45 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 6 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 4 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 2 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 35 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service - 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 60 Show data context -
  Farmer, Grazier 5 Show data context -
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 46 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 1 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 7 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 15 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 9 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 2 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 1 Show data context -
  Drover 2 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 41 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 6 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Printer 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 98 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 19 Show data context -
  Millwright 3 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 27 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 11 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 4 Show data context -
  Domestic Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 30 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 542 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Builder 9 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 113 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 189 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 18 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 15 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 25 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 83 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 51 Show data context 8 Show data context
  French Polisher 9 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 11 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 4 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 7 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 81 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 34 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 8 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 14 Show data context -
  Others 8 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 17 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 14 Show data context -
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 8 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 1 Show data context -
  Drysalter 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 3 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 383 Show data context 58 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 49 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Maltster 8 Show data context -
  Brewer 12 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 17 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cellarman 2 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 77 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 8 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 17 Show data context -
  Baker 46 Show data context -
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 15 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 15 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 12 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 84 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 100 Show data context 123 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 7 Show data context 73 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 5 Show data context 38 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 84 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 278 Show data context 379 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Tailor 112 Show data context 80 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 248 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 32 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 115 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 24 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 12 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 4 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 6 Show data context -
  Currier 14 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 62 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Sawyer 19 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 5 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 6 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 7 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,739 Show data context 250 Show data context
  Coal Miner 210 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 154 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 5 Show data context -
  Mine Service 3 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 8 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 4 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 26 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 12 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 142 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Paviour 2 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 1 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 2 Show data context -
  Platelayer 7 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 32 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 486 Show data context 230 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 4 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 523 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Blacksmith 47 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 4 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 17 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 3 Show data context -
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer - 2 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 7 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 616 Show data context 68 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 13 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 11 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 43 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  General Labourer 474 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 42 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 12 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 13 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 3 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 6 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 69 Show data context 316 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 69 Show data context 316 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 55 Show data context 2,785 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] - 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 55 Show data context 2,784 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)