1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Derbyshire RegC Shardlow PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 81 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 1 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 18 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 9 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Police 33 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 10 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 219 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 8 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 91 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 112 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 6 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 230 Show data context 255 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 32 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 15 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context -
  Theological Student 8 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 6 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 8 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 10 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 18 Show data context -
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 4 Show data context -
  Midwife - 5 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 37 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 74 Show data context 167 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 7 Show data context 39 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 13 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 3 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 3 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 8 Show data context -
  Engraver (artist) 3 Show data context -
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 6 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 409 Show data context 1,868 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 119 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 155 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 124 Show data context 1,564 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 7 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman 1 Show data context 96 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 187 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 201 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 14 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 13 Show data context -
  Accountant 1 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) - 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 25 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 131 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 1 Show data context -
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 9 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 5 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 1,068 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 128 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 86 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 66 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 552 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 11 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 91 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 3 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 12 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 36 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 5 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 3 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 34 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 14 Show data context 3 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 2,285 Show data context 79 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 423 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 159 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 31 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 1,298 Show data context 43 Show data context
  Shepherd 8 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 6 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 3 Show data context -
  Woodman 7 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 32 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 318 Show data context 8 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 99 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 48 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 14 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 5 Show data context -
  Drover 2 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 24 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 2 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 36 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bookbinder 3 Show data context -
  Printer 14 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 5 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 9 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 373 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 45 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Millwright 7 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 211 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 41 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 22 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 9 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 2 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 23 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 5 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 816 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Builder 43 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 287 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 234 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 53 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 21 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Plumber 40 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 108 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 10 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 3 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 321 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coachmaker 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 177 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Wheelwright 87 Show data context -
  Others 18 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 24 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 11 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 6 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 1 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 4 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 47 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 14 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 11 Show data context 15 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 4 Show data context -
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 4 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 544 Show data context 89 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 82 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hop - Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Maltster 19 Show data context -
  Brewer 58 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 2 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 15 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 129 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 10 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Fishmonger 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Baker 75 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 95 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer - 2 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 1,050 Show data context 1,376 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 61 Show data context 246 Show data context
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 88 Show data context 350 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 2 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 828 Show data context 565 Show data context
  Thread Manufacturer, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Net Maker - 3 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 12 Show data context 74 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 34 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 97 Show data context
  Others - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 503 Show data context 956 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tailor 79 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 441 Show data context
  Shawl Manufacture 7 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 179 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 201 Show data context 166 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 3 Show data context 90 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 194 Show data context 48 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 7 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 5 Show data context -
  Currier 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 297 Show data context 65 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 10 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 52 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 96 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Thatcher 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Sawyer 42 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 5 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 11 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 58 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,625 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Coal Miner 337 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 27 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 40 Show data context -
  Mine Service 9 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 56 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 6 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 25 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 32 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Limeburner 12 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 27 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 89 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 12 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 3 Show data context -
  Platelayer 116 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 214 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 13 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 3 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 306 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 2 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 224 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 1 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 9 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 15 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer - 2 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer - 1 Show data context
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 8 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,285 Show data context 83 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 18 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 2 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 24 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 930 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 142 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 79 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 11 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 57 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 9 Show data context 10 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 15 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 12 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 172 Show data context 1,546 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 172 Show data context 1,546 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 248 Show data context 5,560 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 73 Show data context 14 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 175 Show data context 5,546 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)