1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Northumberland RegC Castle Ward PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 50 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 8 Show data context -
  Prison Service, &c. 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 23 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 10 Show data context 3 Show data context
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 4 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 2 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 128 Show data context 93 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 11 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 3 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 7 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context -
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 1 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 9 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 15 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 11 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 40 Show data context 58 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 2 Show data context 13 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context -
  Author, Editor, Journalist 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 5 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 3 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 2 Show data context -
  Architect 4 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Art Student - 1 Show data context
  Photographer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Actor - 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 211 Show data context 1,153 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 55 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 86 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 52 Show data context 1,090 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 11 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 34 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 12 Show data context 11 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 178 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Merchant 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 13 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 9 Show data context -
  Accountant 8 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 17 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 98 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 9 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 15 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 186 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 1 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 32 Show data context -
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 14 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 65 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tramway Companies' Service 2 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 38 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 4 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 12 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 5 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 7 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 1,276 Show data context 140 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 222 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 155 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 28 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 746 Show data context 124 Show data context
  Shepherd 39 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 23 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 6 Show data context -
  Woodman 26 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 1 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 30 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 75 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 19 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 4 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 4 Show data context -
  Drover 2 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 34 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 2 Show data context -
  Fisherman 8 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 3 Show data context -
  Bookbinder - 1 Show data context
  Printer 3 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 87 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 15 Show data context -
  Millwright 4 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 41 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  File Maker 21 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 2 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 384 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Builder 21 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 164 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 15 Show data context -
  Mason 143 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 9 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 2 Show data context -
  Plumber 7 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 13 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Carver, Gilder 6 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker - 1 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 15 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 3 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 4 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 5 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 5 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 3 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 1 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 11 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 4 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 5 Show data context -
  Drysalter 2 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 147 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 15 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 2 Show data context
  Brewer 3 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 4 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 47 Show data context -
  Provision Curer, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 4 Show data context -
  Baker 6 Show data context -
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 2 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 35 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 27 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 25 Show data context 4 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 112 Show data context 196 Show data context
  Tailor 64 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 183 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 10 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 46 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 2 Show data context -
  Currier 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 31 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Sawyer 5 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 1 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 3 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,941 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1,337 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ironstone Miner 5 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 28 Show data context -
  Mine Service 16 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 3 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 6 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 4 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 54 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 3 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 102 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Road Labourer 4 Show data context -
  Platelayer 16 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 6 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 11 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 2 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 38 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 118 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 137 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 1 Show data context -
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 9 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 385 Show data context 21 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 3 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 1 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 8 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  General Labourer 249 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 92 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context -
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 2 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 185 Show data context 701 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 185 Show data context 701 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 85 Show data context 3,032 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 82 Show data context 3,031 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)