1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List North Riding RegC Scarborough PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 131 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 30 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 47 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 18 Show data context 2 Show data context
  East Indian and Colonial Service 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 73 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 8 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 19 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 14 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 12 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 3 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 16 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 445 Show data context 336 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 33 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 18 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Theological Student 2 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 33 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 45 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 29 Show data context -
  Dentist 9 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 16 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 60 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 77 Show data context 161 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 15 Show data context 76 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 9 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 3 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 8 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 6 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 22 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Sculptor 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Architect 15 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 30 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Art Student 2 Show data context -
  Photographer 35 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Actor 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 10 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 372 Show data context 3,903 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 96 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 33 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 105 Show data context 3,290 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 95 Show data context 53 Show data context
  College, Club Service 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Charwoman 1 Show data context 243 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 14 Show data context 308 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 257 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Merchant 6 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 32 Show data context -
  Accountant 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) - 6 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 39 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 92 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Banker 2 Show data context -
  Bank Service 16 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 755 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 16 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 9 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 3 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 116 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 50 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 77 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 112 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 3 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 8 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 7 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 209 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 14 Show data context -
  Boatman on Seas 4 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 102 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 4 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 2,072 Show data context 61 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 306 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 149 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 53 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 1,352 Show data context 38 Show data context
  Shepherd 83 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Agricultural Student 1 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 3 Show data context -
  Woodman 16 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 7 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 96 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 887 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 113 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 8 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 11 Show data context -
  Drover 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 19 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 1 Show data context -
  Fisherman 722 Show data context 2 Show data context
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 108 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 18 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 5 Show data context -
  Printer 70 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 5 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 8 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 104 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 13 Show data context -
  Millwright 2 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 24 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 6 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 3 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 35 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 7 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 3 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker - 1 Show data context
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,571 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Builder 64 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 528 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bricklayer 309 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Mason 156 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 13 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 39 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 8 Show data context -
  Plumber 84 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 213 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 100 Show data context 9 Show data context
  French Polisher 7 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 8 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 3 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 24 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 4 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 121 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 43 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 46 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 105 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 24 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 47 Show data context -
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 7 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 3 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 24 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 56 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 53 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 1 Show data context -
  Drysalter 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 897 Show data context 549 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 102 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 46 Show data context 424 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 10 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Maltster 6 Show data context -
  Brewer 21 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cellarman 9 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 36 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 170 Show data context -
  Provision Curer, Dealer 17 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 13 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Fishmonger 73 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 19 Show data context -
  Baker 63 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 28 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 39 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 207 Show data context 37 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 12 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 182 Show data context 76 Show data context
  Woolstapler 3 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 1 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Thread Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 18 Show data context -
  Net Maker 2 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 138 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Others - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 536 Show data context 1,021 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 6 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Tailor 278 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 928 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 56 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 13 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 207 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 27 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 2 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 33 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 4 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 13 Show data context -
  Currier 8 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 2 Show data context -
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 82 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Sawyer 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 6 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 15 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context -
  Others 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 684 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Coal Miner 3 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 2 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 29 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Limeburner 3 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 71 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paviour 7 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 11 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 24 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 50 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 17 Show data context -
  Lapidary 94 Show data context 4 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 39 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 2 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 117 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 66 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 40 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 19 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 12 Show data context -
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 954 Show data context 170 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 48 Show data context 77 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 52 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 8 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 6 Show data context -
  General Labourer 718 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 55 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 30 Show data context 45 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 17 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 26 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 4 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 17 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 3 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 366 Show data context 3,474 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 366 Show data context 3,474 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 85 Show data context 4,120 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 75 Show data context 4,118 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)