1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Cornwall RegC St Austell PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 60 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 17 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 19 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Police 15 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 3 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 79 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 2 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 3 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 6 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 3 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 51 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 14 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 162 Show data context 170 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 14 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 16 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 6 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 12 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 13 Show data context -
  Dentist 2 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 5 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 59 Show data context 95 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 7 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 8 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) - 1 Show data context
  Architect 1 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 4 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 2 Show data context -
  Actor - 1 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 81 Show data context 1,543 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 18 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 11 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 40 Show data context 1,325 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 7 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Charwoman - 148 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 51 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context -
  Others engaged in Service 4 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 107 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 8 Show data context -
  Accountant 15 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 9 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 31 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Banker 3 Show data context -
  Bank Service 14 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 7 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 579 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 14 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 9 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 60 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 31 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 66 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 2 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 336 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Pilot 4 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 7 Show data context -
  Boatman on Seas 2 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 25 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 1,421 Show data context 95 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 400 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 192 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 12 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 714 Show data context 60 Show data context
  Woodman 2 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 5 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 96 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 288 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 27 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 4 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 4 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 11 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fisherman 241 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 2 Show data context -
  Printer 15 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 58 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Millwright 4 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 22 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 3 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 521 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Builder 11 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 214 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 2 Show data context -
  Mason 214 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 3 Show data context -
  Plumber 16 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 35 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
  French Polisher 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 3 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 46 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 17 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 7 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 22 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 66 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 8 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 46 Show data context -
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 3 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 1 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 8 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 10 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 10 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 275 Show data context 109 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 36 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 2 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Maltster 4 Show data context -
  Brewer 2 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 4 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 7 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 65 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 9 Show data context -
  Baker 30 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook - 5 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 79 Show data context 76 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 77 Show data context 117 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Net Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 60 Show data context 105 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 4 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 215 Show data context 637 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 89 Show data context 69 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 525 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 34 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 117 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 7 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 36 Show data context -
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 17 Show data context -
  Currier 7 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 5 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 105 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Thatcher 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Sawyer 35 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 1 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 53 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 2,420 Show data context 63 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 10 Show data context -
  Copper Miner 40 Show data context -
  Tin Miner 426 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Lead Miner 3 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 35 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Mine Service 12 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 8 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 5 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 14 Show data context -
  Limeburner 4 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 1,461 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 2 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 27 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 10 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 58 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 7 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 32 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 161 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  [Tin Manufacture] 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 13 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 1 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 529 Show data context 50 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 13 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 40 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 323 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 86 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 31 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context -
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 2 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 134 Show data context 1,027 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 134 Show data context 1,027 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 147 Show data context 4,734 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 2 Show data context -
  [Blank field, or illegible] 145 Show data context 4,734 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)