1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Hampshire RegC Fareham PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 56 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 1 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Police 16 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 6 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 2 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 383 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 17 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 237 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 10 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 16 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Seaman, R.N. 30 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 27 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 113 Show data context 179 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 19 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 5 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 1 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 9 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 12 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dentist 2 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 2 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service - 69 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 24 Show data context 77 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 9 Show data context 23 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist - 1 Show data context
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 2 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Photographer 3 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 205 Show data context 1,103 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 56 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Domestic Gardener 46 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 79 Show data context 918 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) - 2 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 8 Show data context 10 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context -
  Charwoman - 34 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 138 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 12 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 48 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Merchant 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 10 Show data context -
  Accountant 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 3 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bank Service 5 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 3 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 362 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 1 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 38 Show data context -
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 49 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 113 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 5 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 110 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Boatman on Seas 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 37 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 1,002 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 84 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 19 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 580 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Shepherd 45 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 5 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 19 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 7 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 213 Show data context 4 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 76 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 43 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 5 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 6 Show data context -
  Drover 3 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 11 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 1 Show data context -
  Fisherman 7 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Printer 7 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 2 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 2 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 6 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 340 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Builder 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 117 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 116 Show data context -
  Mason 9 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 1 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 10 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 40 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 19 Show data context 2 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 7 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 75 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 23 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 34 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 11 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 2 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 9 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 13 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 13 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 2 Show data context -
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker - 2 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 277 Show data context 44 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 43 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Maltster 8 Show data context -
  Brewer 28 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 8 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 4 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 31 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Fishmonger 3 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Baker 60 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 61 Show data context 11 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 28 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 26 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 78 Show data context 235 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Tailor 24 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 176 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 47 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 50 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 3 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 33 Show data context -
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 31 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 37 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Thatcher 11 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Sawyer 11 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 2 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 3 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture - 1 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 240 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Coal Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 10 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Limeburner 3 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 56 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 2 Show data context -
  Platelayer 17 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 4 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 61 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 6 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 13 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 713 Show data context 40 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 21 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 11 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 616 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 23 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 35 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) - 5 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 7 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 169 Show data context 831 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 169 Show data context 831 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 160 Show data context 2,161 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 157 Show data context 2,159 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)