1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Gloucestershire RegC Stroud PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 114 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 37 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 33 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Prison Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Police 27 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 6 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service - 1 Show data context
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 32 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 4 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 4 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 3 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 16 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 2 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 298 Show data context 351 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 38 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 10 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 23 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity 7 Show data context 52 Show data context
  Theological Student 6 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 19 Show data context -
  Law Student 3 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 32 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 18 Show data context -
  Dentist 3 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 6 Show data context -
  Midwife - 3 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 44 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 70 Show data context 165 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 13 Show data context 63 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching - 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 5 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 3 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Sculptor 3 Show data context -
  Architect 3 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 8 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Art Student 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Photographer 6 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 350 Show data context 2,165 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 131 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 131 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 67 Show data context 1,688 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 12 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 108 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 5 Show data context 330 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 3 Show data context 9 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 233 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Merchant 4 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 15 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 7 Show data context -
  Accountant 25 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 121 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 16 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 9 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 472 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 13 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 2 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 9 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 74 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 29 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 174 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 1 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 8 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 60 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 13 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 3 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 5 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 75 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 1,389 Show data context 93 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 196 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 71 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 16 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 819 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Shepherd 58 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 4 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 2 Show data context -
  Woodman 18 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 201 Show data context 2 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 68 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 44 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 3 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 7 Show data context -
  Drover 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gamekeeper 8 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 82 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Printer 55 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 6 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 226 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Millwright 53 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 52 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 4 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 27 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Pin Maker 43 Show data context 60 Show data context
  Steel Pen Maker - 2 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 18 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,135 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Builder 41 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 327 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 59 Show data context -
  Mason 299 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 129 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paperhanger 5 Show data context -
  Plumber 65 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 99 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 57 Show data context 9 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 12 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 9 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Carver, Gilder 6 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 87 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coachmaker 20 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 46 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 10 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 4 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 5 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 15 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 18 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 843 Show data context 140 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 94 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 4 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 6 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Maltster 27 Show data context -
  Brewer 59 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 13 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cellarman 9 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 8 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 10 Show data context -
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 111 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 17 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 105 Show data context -
  Baker 186 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 11 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 133 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 6 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 1,323 Show data context 2,529 Show data context
  Woolstapler 7 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1,033 Show data context 1,840 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 50 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 4 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Flannel Manufacture 1 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Fuller 5 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 28 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 21 Show data context 231 Show data context
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 1 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 8 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Net Maker - 1 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 13 Show data context 227 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 44 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 40 Show data context 58 Show data context
  Felt Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 60 Show data context 60 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 10 Show data context
  Others - 8 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 720 Show data context 1,722 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tailor 272 Show data context 775 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 491 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 2 Show data context 200 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 3 Show data context -
  Button Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 159 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 265 Show data context 228 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 65 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 15 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 1 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 9 Show data context -
  Currier 9 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 8 Show data context -
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 2 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 363 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Japanner - 1 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Thatcher 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 28 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Sawyer 159 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 3 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 133 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 15 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture - 16 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker - 3 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 570 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Ironstone Miner - 6 Show data context
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 64 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coal Merchant 31 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 4 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 18 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 34 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 16 Show data context -
  Limeburner 5 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 18 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 2 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 17 Show data context -
  Platelayer 41 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 29 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 6 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 58 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 133 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Whitesmith 2 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 3 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 10 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,082 Show data context 81 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 30 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 24 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  General Labourer 854 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 103 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 35 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 13 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 7 Show data context 11 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 21 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 2 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 16 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 182 Show data context 1,159 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 182 Show data context 1,159 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 133 Show data context 4,274 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 10 Show data context 6 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 123 Show data context 4,268 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)